Palitana is a spiritual city of the Jains with its location in Bhavnagar in Gujarat district. It is positioned to the south-west of the city at a distance of 50 kms. This is the chief centre of pilgrimage for Jains and also a place where millions and above sadhu’s attend their salvation. The Palitana Jain temples have the architectural style from the northern parts of India and also served the Vastushastra all this were maintained in the books of architecture. The special feature about this place is that while visiting this place people come bear footed with their mouth covered with cloth as this helps to stop bad exhalation that doesn’t harms the insects or other living creatures which cannot be seen by normal human eye sight. All the temples here are located nearby so that it becomes easy for the pilgrims to relocate from one temple to other and inspite of the cluster all the temples have its own uniqueness. The main color which is preferred by Jains is white so the temples are in the combination marble and plaster. If you want to see the best illustrations of the architecture of the Jain temples you can visit the Dilwara Jain Temples, here the temples are intricately engraved.
As a outcome, these temples acts as a platform for many great artisans to showcase their talent. Palitana has the principal awareness of these temples in each and every corner of the world. Beginning from the base of the peak to the hills of Shatrunjaya which have the location of the temples in Palitana, the number of temples here are eight hundred and sixty three. During the 11th century and the 12th century the construction of the temples were done in two phases.
The Palitana temple are factioned in inclusion known as tuks. Every area has temples, irrespective of the minor or major sizes it depends on the shrine worshipped in the temple. Characteristically, every main temple is constructed according to doctrine of architecture of the medieval period and also has a porch at the opening, assembly hall, hallway and sanctum sanctorum. The minor temples are simple, sometimes by means of a minute assembly hall exterior the sanctum, & being absolute with just the sanctorum.